The Nexus between Energy, Food, Land Use, and Water
Application of a Multi-Scale Integrated Approach


  • The Nexus Assessment Project was commissioned by the Energy Team of the Climate, Energy and Tenure Division (NRC) of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

    and sponsored by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).

Richard Aspinall

Richard Aspinall

Richard is a geographer with research interests in coupled human-environmental systems, especially in land use, environmental change, and ecosystem services, and in GIS. Former professor and head of the Department of Geography at Arizona State University (ASU) (2004-6) and Chief Executive and Director of the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland (from 2006-11), he is now an independent consultant and an active Member of the International Scientific Advisory Board of LIPHE4.